Consumer Price Indices for September 2019
Consumer Price Indices for September 2019
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     The Census and Statistics Department (C&SD) released today (October 22) the Consumer Price Index (CPI) figures for September 2019. According to the Composite CPI, overall consumer prices rose by 3.2% in September 2019 over the same month a year earlier, smaller than the corresponding increase (3.5%) in August 2019. Netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures, the year-on-year rate of increase in the Composite CPI (i.e. the underlying inflation rate) in September 2019 was also 3.2%, smaller than that in August 2019 (3.4%). The smaller increase in September was mainly due to dissipation of the effect of upward adjustment in public housing rentals in September 2018 and decreases in prices of fresh vegetables.

     On a seasonally adjusted basis, the average monthly rate of increase in the Composite CPI for the three-month period ending September 2019 was 0.2%, and that for the three-month period ending August 2019 was 0.4%. Netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures, the corresponding rates of increase were 0.2% and 0.4%.

     Analysed by sub-index, the year-on-year rates of increase in the CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) were 3.5%, 3.1% and 3.0% respectively in September 2019, as compared to 4.1%, 3.2% and 3.0% respectively in August 2019. Netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures, the year-on-year rates of increase in the CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) were 3.6%, 3.0% and 2.9% respectively in September 2019, as compared to 4.2%, 3.1% and 2.9% respectively in August 2019.

     On a seasonally adjusted basis, for the three-month period ending September 2019, the average monthly rates of increase in the seasonally adjusted CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) were all 0.2%. The corresponding rates of increase for the three-month period ending August 2019 were 0.5%, 0.4% and 0.3% respectively. Netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures, the corresponding average monthly rates of increase in the seasonally adjusted CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) for the three-month period ending September 2019 were all 0.2%, and the corresponding rates of increase for the three-month period ending August 2019 were 0.5%, 0.4% and 0.3% respectively.

     Amongst the various components of the Composite CPI, year-on-year increases in prices were recorded in September 2019 for food (excluding meals bought away from home) (13.1%), housing (3.2%), miscellaneous goods (3.2%), miscellaneous services (2.6%), meals bought away from home (2.1%) and transport (2.1%).

     On the other hand, year-on-year decreases in the components of the Composite CPI were recorded in September 2019 for electricity, gas and water (-5.6%); clothing and footwear (-1.8%), durable goods (-1.7%) as well as alcoholic drinks and tobacco (-0.9%).

     Taking the first nine months of 2019 together, the Composite CPI rose by 2.8% over a year earlier. The respective increases in the CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) were 3.3%, 2.7% and 2.6% respectively. The corresponding increases after netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures were 3.0%, 3.5%, 2.8% and 2.6% respectively.

     In the third quarter of 2019, the Composite CPI rose by 3.3% over a year earlier, while the CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) rose by 3.9%, 3.1% and 3.0% respectively. The corresponding increases after netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures were 3.3%, 3.9%, 3.1% and 2.9% respectively.

     For the 12 months ending September 2019, the Composite CPI was on average 2.8% higher than that in the preceding 12-month period. The respective increases in the CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) were 3.2%, 2.6% and 2.5% respectively. The corresponding increases after netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures were 3.0%, 3.5%, 2.8% and 2.6% respectively.

Commentary

     A Government spokesman said that the underlying consumer price inflation rate went down slightly to 3.2% in September, as the effect of upward adjustment in public housing rentals in the same month last year began to dissipate. While food inflation remained elevated due to high pork prices, price pressures on other major CPI components stayed largely moderate.

     Looking ahead, overall price pressures should remain contained along with subdued local economic conditions and further easing of imported inflation. Yet, the inflation rate may stay somewhat elevated in the near term given the supply situation of fresh pork. The Government will continue to monitor the inflation situation closely, particularly the impact on the lower-income people.

Further information

     The CPIs and year-on-year rates of change at section level for September 2019 are shown in Table 1. The time series on the year-on-year rates of change in the CPIs before and after netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures are shown in Table 2. For discerning the latest trend in consumer prices, it is also useful to look at the changes in the seasonally adjusted CPIs. The corresponding time series on the average monthly rates of change during the latest three months for the seasonally adjusted CPIs are shown in Table 3. The rates of change in the original and the seasonally adjusted Composite CPI and the underlying inflation rate are presented graphically in Chart 1.

     More detailed CPI data (including year-on-year comparison, month-to-month comparison, seasonally adjusted data series and the CPIs by the Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP)) are available in the monthly reports. Users can download the September 2019 issue of the "Monthly Report on the Consumer Price Index" (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp270.jsp?productCode=B1060001), the time series of CPIs at detailed level (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp270.jsp?productCode=D5600001), the time series of CPIs at COICOP division level (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp270.jsp?productCode=D5600002) and the time series of CPIs after netting out the effects of all Government's one-off relief measures (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp270.jsp?productCode=D5600003) free of charge at the website of the C&SD.

     For enquiries about the CPIs, please contact the Consumer Price Index Section of the C&SD (Tel: 3903 7374 or email: cpi@censtatd.gov.hk). 
 
Ends/Tuesday, October 22, 2019
Issued at HKT 16:30
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