Provisional statistics of retail sales for June 2019
The value of total retail sales in June 2019, provisionally estimated at $35.2 billion, decreased by 6.7% compared with the same month in 2018. The revised estimate of the value of total retail sales in May 2019 decreased by 1.4% compared with a year earlier. For the first half of 2019, it was provisionally estimated that the value of total retail sales decreased by 2.6% compared with the same period in 2018.
After netting out the effect of price changes over the same period, the provisional estimate of the volume of total retail sales in June 2019 decreased by 7.6% compared with a year earlier. The revised estimate of the volume of total retail sales in May 2019 decreased by 1.8% compared with a year earlier. For the first half of 2019, the provisional estimate of the total retail sales decreased by 3.1% in volume compared with the same period in 2018.
Analysed by broad type of retail outlet in descending order of the provisional estimate of the value of sales and comparing June 2019 with June 2018, the value of sales of jewellery, watches and clocks, and valuable gifts decreased by 17.1%. This was followed by sales of medicines and cosmetics (-4.1% in value); wearing apparel (-8.2%); commodities in department stores (-6.0%); food, alcoholic drinks and tobacco (-1.3%); electrical goods and other consumer durable goods, not elsewhere classified (-16.1%); motor vehicles and parts (-9.1%); footwear, allied products and other clothing accessories (-1.4%); books, newspapers, stationery and gifts (-4.5%); Chinese drugs and herbs (-0.1%); and optical shops (-11.9%).
On the other hand, the value of sales of commodities in supermarkets increased by 1.6% in June 2019 over a year earlier. This was followed by sales of other consumer goods, not elsewhere classified (+0.3% in value); fuels (+1.9%); and furniture and fixtures (+1.1%).
Based on the seasonally adjusted series, the provisional estimate of the value of total retail sales decreased by 2.7% in the second quarter of 2019 compared with the preceding quarter, while the provisional estimate of the volume of total retail sales decreased by 2.8%.
These retail sales statistics measure the sales receipts in respect of goods sold by local retail establishments and are primarily intended for gauging the short-term business performance of the local retail sector. Data on retail sales are collected from local retail establishments through the Monthly Survey of Retail Sales (MRS). Local retail establishments with and without physical shops are covered in MRS and their sales, both through conventional shops and online channels, are included in the retail sales statistics.
The retail sales statistics cover consumer spending on goods but not on services (such as those on housing, catering, medical care and health services, transport and communication, financial services, education and entertainment) which account for over 50% of the overall consumer spending. Moreover, they include spending on goods in Hong Kong by visitors but exclude spending outside Hong Kong by Hong Kong residents. Hence they should not be regarded as indicators for measuring overall consumer spending.
Users interested in the trend of overall consumer spending should refer to the data series of private consumption expenditure (PCE), which is a major component of the Gross Domestic Product published at quarterly intervals. Compiled from a wide range of data sources, PCE covers consumer spending on both goods (including goods purchased from all channels) and services by Hong Kong residents whether locally or abroad. Please refer to the C&SD publication "Gross Domestic Product (Quarterly)" for more details.
A government spokesman said that retail sales registered an enlarged decline in June, as local consumer sentiment turned more cautious and growth in visitor arrivals moderated.
The spokesman pointed out further that the near-term performance of retail sales will likely remain subdued, as the weakened global and local economic outlook and other headwinds continue to weigh on consumption sentiment. The recent mass demonstrations, if continued, would also dent the retail business further. The Government will continue to monitor the situation.
Table 1 presents the revised figures on value index and value of retail sales for all retail outlets and by broad type of retail outlet for May 2019 as well as the provisional figures for June 2019. The provisional figures on the value of retail sales for all retail outlets and by broad type of retail outlet as well as the corresponding year-on-year changes for the first half of 2019 are also shown.
Table 2 presents the revised figures on volume index of retail sales for all retail outlets and by broad type of retail outlet for May 2019 as well as the provisional figures for June 2019. The provisional figures on year-on-year changes for the first half of 2019 are also shown.
Table 3 shows the movements of the value and volume of total retail sales in terms of the year-on-year rate of change for a month compared with the same month in the preceding year based on the original series, and in terms of the rate of change for a three-month period compared with the preceding three-month period based on the seasonally adjusted series.
The classification of retail establishments follows the Hong Kong Standard Industrial Classification (HSIC) Version 2.0, which is used in various economic surveys for classifying economic units into different industry classes.
More detailed statistics are given in the "Report on Monthly Survey of Retail Sales". Users can download this publication free of charge at the website of the C&SD (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp320.jsp?productCode=B1080003). Alternatively, the historical series of retail sales statistics can be downloaded in the form of a statistical table at the website of the C&SD (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp320.jsp?productCode=D5600089).
Users who have enquiries about the survey results may contact the Distribution Services Statistics Section of the C&SD (Tel: 3903 7400; email: email@example.com).
Ends/Thursday, August 1, 2019
Issued at HKT 16:30
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