Statistics is playing an increasingly important role in the day-to-day work in the Government and the private sector. As the central statistical office of Hong Kong, the Census and Statistics Department (C&SD) has been putting efforts to provide adequate, relevant, reliable and timely statistics for use by the Government and various sectors of the community.

From macro-economic analysis to daily administration and long-term planning of the Government, to decision-making of industrial and business firms, and to enhancing the general public’s understanding of the society and their participation in discussions about social policies, official statistics have a very important part to play in a wide range of endeavours. Some of the statistics that are closely related to our daily lives are introduced below.


Understanding our daily lives through statistics


  • The provisional estimate of the Hong Kong population was about 7.52 million at mid-2019. The corresponding figure in 1841 was only about 7 500.
  • Hong Kong people have a very long life expectancy. In 2018, the expectancy of life at birth for men and women was 82 years and 88 years respectively, representing an increase of some 8 years respectively when compared with 30 years ago. The expectations of life at birth for both sexes in Hong Kong are among the longest in developed economies.
  • More and more Hong Kong people tend to organise small families. The proportion of domestic households comprising three members or less rose from 65% in 2008 to 70% in 2018.



  • The overall employment in Hong Kong was around 3.87 million in 2018. The majority of them (i.e. some 9 out of 10) were engaged in the service industries.
  • The labour market has remained generally tight since early 2012. The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate hovered between 2.8% and 3.5% in recent years (up to July – September 2019).
  • In May – June 2018, the median hourly wage of employees in Hong Kong was HK$70.5.

Economic indicators

  • Hong Kong’s per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at current market prices amounted to about HK$380,000 in 2018.
  • The Hong Kong International Airport is the world’s busiest international freight airport. The air cargo throughput at the Airport reached 5.02 million tonnes in 2018.
  • In 2018, Hong Kong was ranked the 15th and 8th in the world in terms of exports of commercial services and merchandise exports respectively. In Asia, Hong Kong was the 5th largest exporter of commercial services and the 4th largest exporter of merchandise goods.
  • Hong Kong’s imports of goods are mainly from the mainland of China (the Mainland). For every HK$100 of imports of goods, HK$46 is from the Mainland.

Dressing, eating, accommodation and commuting

  • Among the four basic necessities of life, the share of household expenditure on accommodation was the largest based on the expenditure weights compiled from the results of the 2014/15 Household Expenditure Survey, accounting for about 34% of the total household expenditure on average.
  • Overall consumer prices in Hong Kong recorded an average year-on-year increase of 2.4% in 2018. Netting out the effects of the Government’s one-off relief measures to discern the inflationary trend more clearly, the Composite Consumer Price Index (Composite CPI) rose by 2.6% in 2018 as a whole, mainly because of increases in prices of food and private housing rentals. The year-on-year rate of change of overall consumer prices is commonly known as inflation rate.
  • In 2018, around 30% of the domestic households in Hong Kong were living in public rental housing.
  • On average, each Hong Kong resident made about 10 personal/business trips to the Mainland in 2018.

Where to go for further information

The statistics presented above represent only a small part of the statistical information released by C&SD. Should you require more up-to-date social and economic statistics about Hong Kong, you may refer to the website of C&SD (

Proper understanding of the concepts and definitions of different kinds of statistics is imperative for their correct interpretation and application. Besides providing statistical information to the public, C&SD is also prepared to give advice on the interpretation and application of statistics so as to maximise their utility to users.

You are welcome to approach C&SD for enquiries on statistical matters using the following telephone numbers, facsimile numbers and email addresses. In case more detailed information is needed, enquiries will be referred to the subject officers concerned.



Enquiries on statistical data Telephone no. Facsimile no. E-mail address
Consumer Price Indices 3903 7374 2577 6253
Employment and vacancies statistics 2582 5076 2827 2296
Gross Domestic Product statistics 2582 5077 2157 9295
Labour force and unemployment statistics 2887 5508 2508 1501
Merchandise trade statistics 2582 4915 2802 1101
Population statistics 3903 6943 2716 0231
Wage and labour earnings statistics 2887 5550 3579 2070
Other statistics 2582 5073 2827 1708
Address : 21/F Wanchai Tower, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong
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November 2019