Statistics on vessels, port cargo and containers for fourth quarter of 2017
Statistics on vessels, port cargo and containers for fourth quarter of 2017
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     The Census and Statistics Department (C&SD) today (March 6) released the statistics on vessels, port cargo and containers for the fourth quarter of 2017.

     In the fourth quarter of 2017, total port cargo throughput increased by 5.3% compared with a year earlier to 74.7 million tonnes. Within this total, inward port cargo increased by 10.4% compared with a year earlier to 46.6 million tonnes, while outward port cargo decreased by 2.2% to 28.1 million tonnes.

     For 2017 as a whole, total port cargo throughput increased by 9.7% compared with a year earlier to 281.5 million tonnes. Within this total, inward port cargo and outward port cargo increased by 15.8% and 1.0% compared with a year earlier to 174.6 million tonnes and 107.0 million tonnes respectively.

     On a seasonally adjusted quarter-to-quarter comparison, total port cargo throughput increased by 5.7% in the fourth quarter of 2017. Within this total, inward port cargo and outward port cargo increased by 7.1% and 3.6% respectively compared with the preceding quarter. The seasonally adjusted series enables more meaningful shorter-term comparison to be made for discerning possible variations in trends.

Port cargo

     Within port cargo, seaborne cargo decreased by 3.7% in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared with a year earlier to 43.8 million tonnes, while river cargo increased by 21.4% to 30.9 million tonnes.

     Within inward port cargo, imports increased by 21.6% in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared with a year earlier to 27.7 million tonnes, while inward transhipment decreased by 2.7% to 19.0 million tonnes. For outward port cargo, exports (including domestic exports and re-exports) and outward transhipment decreased by 3.7% and 1.2% compared with a year earlier to 10.8 million tonnes and 17.4 million tonnes respectively.

     Within port cargo, seaborne and river cargo increased by 7.8% and 13.0% in the whole year of 2017 compared with a year earlier to 176.9 million tonnes and 104.7 million tonnes respectively.

     Within inward port cargo, imports and inward transhipment increased by 20.8% and 9.6% in the whole year of 2017 compared with a year earlier to 100.3 million tonnes and 74.3 million tonnes respectively. For outward port cargo, exports decreased by 9.9% compared with a year earlier to 38.1 million tonnes, while outward transhipment increased by 8.1% to 68.9 million tonnes.

     The detailed port cargo statistics are summarised in Table 1.

     The main countries/territories of loading of inward port cargo and countries/territories of discharge of outward port cargo are shown in Table 2 and Table 3 respectively.

     Comparing the fourth quarter of 2017 with the fourth quarter of 2016, double-digit increases were recorded in the tonnage of inward port cargo loaded in the mainland of China (+15.9%) and Malaysia (+14.5%). On the other hand, double-digit decreases were recorded in the tonnage of inward port cargo loaded in Vietnam (-13.8%), Japan (-11.7%), Taiwan (-10.8%) and the United States of America (-10.7%). For outward port cargo, double-digit increase was recorded in the tonnage of outward port cargo discharged in Malaysia (+13.7%). On the other hand, double-digit decreases were recorded in the tonnage of outward port cargo discharged in Macao (-79.1%), Thailand (-26.2%) and Korea (-14.8%).

     Comparing the whole year of 2017 with the whole year of 2016, double-digit increases were recorded in the tonnage of inward port cargo loaded in the mainland of China (+19.9%), Malaysia (+19.2%) and Singapore (+12.7%). For outward port cargo, double-digit increases were recorded in the tonnage of outward port cargo discharged in Taiwan (+24.4%), Korea (+23.6%) and Malaysia (+20.3%). On the other hand, double-digit decrease was recorded in the tonnage of outward port cargo discharged in Macao (-46.0%).

     The principal commodities of inward port cargo and outward port cargo are shown in Table 4 and Table 5 respectively.

     Comparing the fourth quarter of 2017 with the fourth quarter of 2016, double-digit changes were recorded in the tonnage of inward port cargo of "stone, sand and gravel" (+90.6%), "machinery" (-13.1%) and "artificial resins and plastic materials" (-18.3%). As for outward port cargo, double-digit changes were recorded in the tonnage of "metalliferous ores and metal scrap" (+22.4%), "logs and timber; wood, simply worked" (+13.7%) and "artificial resins and plastic materials" (-21.7%).

     Comparing the whole year of 2017 with the whole year of 2016, double-digit increases were recorded in the tonnage of inward port cargo of "stone, sand and gravel" (+78.5%) and "logs and timber; wood, simply worked" (+29.7%). As for outward port cargo, double-digit changes were recorded in the tonnage of "pulp and waste paper" (+26.0%), "metalliferous ores and metal scrap" (+23.5%), "logs and timber; wood, simply worked" (+22.2%) and "stone, sand and gravel" (-14.7%).

Containers

     In the fourth quarter of 2017, the port of Hong Kong handled 5.21 million TEUs of containers, representing a decrease of 5.0% compared with a year earlier. Within this total, laden and empty containers decreased by 5.7% and 0.4% to 4.45 million TEUs and 0.76 million TEUs respectively. Among laden containers, inward and outward containers decreased by 5.6% and 5.8% to 2.34 million TEUs and 2.11 million TEUs respectively.

     For 2017 as a whole, the port of Hong Kong handled 20.77 million TEUs of containers, representing an increase of 4.8% compared with a year earlier. Within this total, laden and empty containers increased by 4.6% and 6.5% to 17.75 million TEUs and 3.02 million TEUs respectively. Among laden containers, inward and outward containers increased by 4.5% and 4.6% to 9.21 million TEUs and 8.54 million TEUs respectively.

     On a seasonally adjusted quarter-to-quarter comparison, laden container throughput increased by 2.3% in the fourth quarter of 2017. Within this total, inward laden containers increased by 4.5%, while outward laden containers decreased marginally by 0.1%.

     In the fourth quarter of 2017, seaborne and river laden containers decreased by 6.1% and 4.7% compared with a year earlier to 3.17 million TEUs and 1.28 million TEUs respectively.

     Within inward laden containers, imports and inward transhipment decreased by 9.9% and 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared with a year earlier to 0.68 million TEUs and 1.66 million TEUs respectively. For outward laden containers, exports and outward transhipment decreased by 15.6% and 1.5% to 0.57 million TEUs and 1.54 million TEUs respectively.

     In the whole year of 2017, seaborne and river laden containers increased by 6.2% and 0.5% compared with a year earlier to 12.86 million TEUs and 4.89 million TEUs respectively.

     Within inward laden containers, imports decreased by 3.1% in the whole year of 2017 compared with a year earlier to 2.72 million TEUs, while inward transhipment increased by 8.0% compared with a year earlier to 6.49 million TEUs. For outward laden containers, exports decreased by 3.2% to 2.40 million TEUs, while outward transhipment increased by 8.1% to 6.15 million TEUs.

     The detailed container statistics are summarised in Table 6.

     Port cargo and laden container statistics are compiled from a sample of consignments listed in the cargo manifests supplied by shipping companies and agents to the C&SD.

Vessel arrivals

     Comparing the fourth quarter of 2017 with the fourth quarter of 2016, the number of ocean vessel arrivals decreased by 3.4% to 6 587, with the total capacity also decreasing by 4.0% to 101.4 million net registered tons. The number of river vessel arrivals increased by 0.7% to 40 578, with the total capacity also increasing by 2.3% to 30.1 million net registered tons.

     Comparing the whole year of 2017 with the whole year of 2016, the number of ocean vessel arrivals decreased by 3.1% to 26 793, while the total capacity increased by 2.7% to 420.4 million net registered tons. The number of river vessel arrivals increased by 0.8% to 158 627, with the total capacity also increasing by 6.7% to 119.7 million net registered tons.

     The statistics on vessel arrivals in Hong Kong are given in Table 7.

     Vessel statistics are compiled by the Marine Department primarily from general declarations submitted by ship masters and authorised shipping agents. Pleasure vessels and fishing vessels plying exclusively within the river trade limits are excluded.

Further information

     More detailed statistics on port cargo, containers and vessels are published in the report "Hong Kong Shipping Statistics, Fourth Quarter 2017". Users can download this publication free of charge at the website of the C&SD (www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/sp130.jsp?productCode=B1020008).

     For enquiries about port cargo and container statistics, please contact the Outward Processing and Shipping Statistics Section of the C&SD (Tel: 2582 2126 or email: shipping@censtatd.gov.hk). For enquiries about vessel statistics, readers may contact the Statistics Section under the Planning, Development and Port Security Branch of the Marine Department (Tel: 2852 3661 or email: st-sec@mardep.gov.hk).
 
Ends/Tuesday, March 6, 2018
Issued at HKT 16:30
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