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YearQuarterGDPPrivate consumption expenditureGovernment consumption expenditureGross domestic fixed capital formationChanges in inventories
HK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ million
2015 2,398,280 6.1 1,593,091 6.0 231,263 8.0 537,205 1.2 -20,580
2016 r 2,490,776 3.9 1,649,664 3.6 247,615 7.1 536,010 -0.2 447
2017 r 2,660,983 6.8 1,782,567 8.1 262,116 5.9 581,018 8.4 11,065
2017 Q2 r 628,334 7.4 445,797 8.0 62,893 5.5 145,057 14.1 1,187
Q3 r 680,231 6.9 439,031 9.2 66,016 6.3 138,867 2.6 -399
Q4 r 721,562 6.3 477,768 9.3 65,776 4.9 163,307 6.4 5,886
2018 Q1 r 687,011 8.9 476,424 13.4 71,178 5.6 143,310 7.1 -1,857
Q2 p 677,013 7.7 490,916 10.1 67,464 7.3 151,449 4.4 2,793

YearQuarterExports of goods (f.o.b.)Exports of servicesImports of goods (f.o.b.)Imports of services
HK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ millionYear-on-year % changeHK$ millionYear-on-year % change
2015 3,889,225 -2.4 808,948 -2.4 4,066,527 -4.0 574,345 0.1
2016 r 3,892,886 0.1 764,839 -5.5 4,022,579 -1.1 578,106 0.7
2017 r 4,191,267 7.7 811,396 6.1 4,377,940 8.8 600,506 3.9
2017 Q2 r 995,127 7.2 184,377 4.4 1,062,849 8.0 143,255 4.9
Q3 r 1,099,086 7.4 207,622 6.4 1,115,653 8.0 154,339 4.0
Q4 r 1,155,569 5.6 216,240 8.2 1,201,380 7.6 161,604 4.9
2018 Q1 r 1,016,870 8.0 230,650 13.5 1,093,822 9.6 155,742 10.2
Q2 p 1,066,845 7.2 206,395 11.9 1,158,670 9.0 150,179 4.8

Notes : Figures in this table are the latest data released on 10 August 2018.
 Figures on exports and imports of goods and services are compiled based on the change of ownership principle in recording goods sent abroad for processing and merchanting under the standards stipulated in the System of National Accounts 2008. Users should note that the figures of exports and imports of goods in this table are different from those published in external merchandise trade statistics which are not compiled based on the change of ownership principle.
 r“Revised figures”.
 p“Preliminary figures”.
 In Hong Kong, the first released GDP statistics in respect of a period are called “preliminary figures”. When more data become available, the preliminary figures will be revised. This routine revision is in accordance with the international practice to compile and release GDP figures at the earliest possible time by using only partial data. All those figures published subsequently, on revision, are called “revised figures”. In general, the figures are finalised when data from all regular sources are incorporated.
 '0.0'denotes increase or decrease of less than 0.05%.
 The GDP for 2018 is forecast to increase by 3% to 4% in real terms. For more information on the forecast of GDP, please click here.
Source : National Income Section (1)1,
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 2582 5077
 Enquiry e-mail : gdp-e@censtatd.gov.hk)



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