External merchandise trade is one of the important economic activities in Hong Kong. Goods are brought into or out of Hong Kong by various means of transport. In 2018, the value of Hong Kong’s external merchandise trade by air accounted for 41.8% of Hong Kong’s total value of trade in goods. Another 40.0% was transported by land, 15.1% by ocean and 2.1% by river. The remaining 1.0% was mainly postal parcels and accompanied goods of passengers travelling on various means of transport.
This article analyses the performance and characteristics of Hong Kong’s external merchandise trade by mode of transport during the period from 2008 to 2018.