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HK$ million
YearQuarterLegal tender notes and coins in circulationAuthorized institutions' holdings of legal tender notes and coinsLegal tender notes and coins in hands of public
Commercial bank issuesGovernment issuesTotalunadjustedseasonally adjusted
2016 407,795 12,253 420,048 29,578 390,470 392,251
2017 455,715 12,439 468,154 29,400 438,754 440,492
2018 483,845 12,845 496,690 30,151 466,539 468,247
2018 Q4 483,845 12,845 496,690 30,151 466,539 468,247
2019 Q1 497,545 13,039 510,584 26,097 484,487 480,273
Q2 499,585 12,977 512,562 29,716 482,846 485,837
Q3 504,105 12,984 517,089 28,384 488,705 491,650
Q4 516,605 13,254 529,859 32,559 497,300 499,046
Notes : Figures refer to all authorized institutions (AIs), which include licensed banks, restricted licence banks (RLBs) and deposit-taking companies (DTCs).
 Figures are revised on a monthly basis to take into account any subsequent amendments submitted by AIs.
 RLBs can accept time deposits in amounts of not less than HK$500,000 with any term of maturity. There is no restriction on interest rate payable.
 DTCs can accept time deposits in amounts of not less than HK$100,000 with a term of maturity of at least 3 months. There is no restriction on interest rate payable.
 Money Supply M1 refers to the sum of legal tender notes and coins held by the public plus customers' demand deposits placed with licensed banks.
 Among the various monetary aggregates, seasonal patterns are found in Hong Kong Dollar (HKD) M1 currency held by the public, and demand deposits. Seasonally adjusted data on the three series facilitate the analysis of underlying trends.
Source : Hong Kong Monetary Authority
For further information, please visit the website of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority
(Enquiry telephone no. : 2878 8222
 Enquiry e-mail : hkma@hkma.gov.hk)



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