Key statistics on operating characteristics of the import/export, wholesale and retail trades, and accommodation and food services sectors in 2013
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     According to the results of the 2013 Annual Survey of Economic Activities - Import/Export, Wholesale and Retail Trades, and Accommodation and Food Services Sectors released today (November 28) by the Census and Statistics Department (C&SD), the import/export, wholesale and retail trades, and accommodation and food services sectors' total receipts (i.e. sales and other receipts) amounted to $5,105.6 billion in 2013, representing an increase of 4.2% over 2012; on a per establishment basis, total receipts increased by 6.1% compared with 2012 to $31.3 million in 2013.

     Operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees of the sectors altogether amounted to $4,702.4 billion in 2013, representing an increase of 3.7% over 2012; on a per establishment basis, they increased by 5.6% compared with 2012 to $28.8 million in 2013.

     Gross surplus of the sectors, which is equal to total receipts less operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees, increased by 10.2% over 2012 to $403.2 billion in 2013; on a per establishment basis, gross surplus increased from $2.2 million in 2012 to $2.5 million in 2013. Gross surplus accounted for 7.9% of total receipts in 2013, which increased by 0.4 percentage point compared with 2012.

     Value added of the sectors, which is a measure of their total contribution to Hong Kong's Gross Domestic Product, increased by 4.3% over 2012 to $622.9 billion in 2013; on a per establishment basis, the value added was $3.8 million in 2013, which increased by 6.3% over 2012.

     According to the survey results, it was estimated that the sectors comprised some 163 300 establishments and engaged about 1 136 000 persons, or an average of 7.0 persons per establishment, in 2013.

     In the import/export trade, total receipts amounted to $4,042.6 billion while operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees totalled $3,732.4 billion in 2013. Gross surplus increased from $279.4 billion in 2012 to $310.3 billion in 2013, accounting for 7.7% of total receipts in 2013. Value added increased by 2.9% over 2012 to $431.0 billion.

     In the wholesale trade, total receipts amounted to $325.5 billion while operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees totalled $316.5 billion in 2013. Gross surplus increased from $7.2 billion in 2012 to $9.0 billion in 2013, accounting for 2.8% of total receipts in 2013. Value added increased by 8.2% over 2012 to $21.4 billion.

     In the retail trade, total receipts amounted to $570.3 billion while operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees totalled $513.6 billion in 2013. Gross surplus increased from $52.7 billion in 2012 to $56.7 billion in 2013, accounting for 9.9% of total receipts in 2013. Value added increased by 9.5% over 2012 to $97.3 billion.

     In the accommodation services sector which covered hotels, guesthouses, boarding houses and other establishments providing short term accommodation, total receipts amounted to $44.3 billion while operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees totalled $26.7 billion in 2013. Gross surplus increased from $16.9 billion in 2012 to $17.6 billion in 2013, accounting for 39.8% of total receipts in 2013. Value added increased by 6.8% over 2012 to $29.4 billion.

     In the food services sector which mainly covered restaurants, total receipts amounted to $122.8 billion while operating expenses, cost of goods sold and compensation of employees totalled $113.2 billion in 2013. Gross surplus decreased from $9.6 billion in 2012 to $9.5 billion in 2013, accounting for 7.8% of total receipts in 2013. Value added increased by 4.2% over 2012 to $43.9 billion.

     Selected statistics for the import/export, wholesale and retail trades, and accommodation and food services sectors in 2012 and 2013 are shown in the attached table.

     More detailed survey results on the import/export, wholesale and retail trades, and accommodation and food services sectors will be given in the report "Key Statistics on Business Performance and Operating Characteristics of the Import/Export, Wholesale and Retail Trades, and Accommodation and Food Services Sectors in 2013". Users can download this report (in PDF format) free of charge at the website of C&SD (www.censtatd.gov.hk/products_and_services/products/publications/index.jsp) as from January 2015.

     Starting from 2010, the C&SD collected data on depreciation with a view to enhancing the quality of the statistics on operating cost. The corresponding results will be published in the report "Key Statistics on Business Performance and Operating Characteristics of the Import/Export, Wholesale and Retail Trades, and Accommodation and Food Services Sectors in 2013".

     For enquiries about the key statistics on business performance and operating characteristics of the import/export, wholesale and retail trades, and accommodation and food services sectors, please contact the Distribution Services Statistics Section of the C&SD at telephone 2802 1264 or email asw@censtatd.gov.hk.

Ends/Friday, November 28, 2014
Issued at HKT 16:31

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