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HK$ billion
Major economic activity Position of outward DI at end of year DI outflow during the year
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Investment and holding, real estate, professional and business services 6,064.4 7,028.3 7,636.4 8,799.3 9,222.2 611.1 536.6 484.9 654.7 491.7
Import/export, wholesale and retail trades 540.4 538.1 601.2 795.0 992.1 21.1 10.7 36.8 59.6 39.3
Banking 292.2 339.4 350.8 436.8 370.0 46.5 43.7 6.4 29.4 9.5
Manufacturing 201.3 215.7 231.1 224.5 289.4 10.0 12.9 9.3 15.5 9.9
Insurance 155.6 201.7 205.3 232.8 216.0 11.1 18.6 26.7 31.5 15.7
Transportation, storage, postal and courier services 190.5 177.5 186.0 192.7 182.3 8.8 -2.4 4.8 3.8 -6.4
Information and communications 48.7 78.0 100.6 111.0 109.1 -0.9 7.1 1.0 3.1 -0.2
Financing (except banking, investment and holding companies) 55.3 65.9 85.3 85.4 88.9 7.5 7.0 18.9 3.4 10.0
Accommodation and food services 63.3 66.1 66.6 68.4 71.1 3.4 2.9 3.4 3.0 2.4
Construction 58.4 65.1 42.2 35.6 51.8 13.4 4.0 7.3 0.5 -29.0
Other activities 276.2 234.5 114.2 265.4 276.6 17.7 5.9 27.0 157.8 13.7
Total of all economic activities 7,946.4 9,010.2 9,619.7 11,246.9 11,869.4 749.9 647.0 626.5 962.2 556.7
Notes : (1)The total of all economic activities presented in this table is different from the aggregrate direct investment assets presented in Table 047 due to the adoption of different presentation principles, with the former compiled based on the "directional principle" and the latter based on the "asset/liability principle" in accordance with the international statistical standards. The total of all economic activities in this table should be referred to in calculating the shares of individual economic activities, while the direct investment assets in Table 047 should be referred to in the analyses on aggregate statistics.
 (2)Individual figures may not add up to the total due to rounding.
 (3)A Hong Kong enterprise group (HKEG) mainly consists of a Hong Kong parent company, its Hong Kong subsidiaries, associates and branches.
 (4)For an enterprise group, economic activity here refers to the major economic activity of the whole enterprise group in Hong Kong, but not the economic activity of the non-resident enterprise into which the funds are invested. If an HKEG is engaged in a wide variety of activities, its economic activity is determined on the basis of the economic activity in respect of which the operating revenue is predominant.
 (5)Negative outflow does not necessarily relate to equity withdrawal. It may be the result of repayment of loans by non-resident affiliates.
Source : Balance of Payments Section (2)1,
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 3903 7024
 Enquiry e-mail : di@censtatd.gov.hk)



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