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HK$ billion
Major economic activity Position of outward DI at end of year DI outflow during the year
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Investment and holding, real estate, professional and business services 7,028.3 7,636.4 8,799.3 9,222.2 9,436.1 536.6 484.9 654.7 491.7 372.4
Import/export, wholesale and retail trades 538.1 601.2 795.0 992.1 916.8 10.7 36.8 59.6 39.3 31.8
Banking 339.4 350.8 436.8 370.0 298.3 43.7 6.4 29.4 9.5 -31.0
Manufacturing 215.7 231.1 224.5 289.4 290.0 12.9 9.3 15.5 9.9 16.3
Insurance 201.7 205.3 232.8 216.0 255.2 18.6 26.7 31.5 15.7 37.8
Transportation, storage, postal and courier services 177.5 186.0 192.7 182.3 190.6 -2.4 4.8 3.8 -6.4 11.9
Information and communications 78.0 100.6 111.0 109.1 105.9 7.1 1.0 3.1 -0.2 0.3
Construction 65.1 42.2 35.6 51.8 83.4 4.0 7.3 0.5 -29.0 43.1
Accommodation and food services 66.1 66.6 68.4 71.1 77.1 2.9 3.4 3.0 2.4 3.3
Financing (except banking, investment and holding companies) 65.9 85.3 85.4 88.9 71.8 7.0 18.9 3.4 10.0 -24.1
Other activities 234.5 114.2 265.4 276.6 267.5 5.9 27.0 157.8 13.7 1.6
Total of all economic activities 9,010.2 9,619.7 11,246.9 11,869.4 11,992.8 647.0 626.5 962.2 556.7 463.4
Notes : (1)The total of all economic activities presented in this table is different from the aggregrate direct investment assets presented in Table 047 due to the adoption of different presentation principles, with the former compiled based on the "directional principle" and the latter based on the "asset/liability principle" in accordance with the international statistical standards. The total of all economic activities in this table should be referred to in calculating the shares of individual economic activities, while the direct investment assets in Table 047 should be referred to in the analyses on aggregate statistics.
 (2)Individual figures may not add up to the total due to rounding.
 (3)A Hong Kong enterprise group (HKEG) mainly consists of a Hong Kong parent company, its Hong Kong subsidiaries, associates and branches.
 (4)For an enterprise group, economic activity here refers to the major economic activity of the whole enterprise group in Hong Kong, but not the economic activity of the non-resident enterprise into which the funds are invested. If an HKEG is engaged in a wide variety of activities, its economic activity is determined on the basis of the economic activity in respect of which the operating revenue is predominant.
 (5)Negative outflow does not necessarily relate to equity withdrawal. It may be the result of repayment of loans by non-resident affiliates.
Source : Balance of Payments Section (2)1,
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 3903 7024
 Enquiry e-mail : di@censtatd.gov.hk)



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