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PeriodLabour forceUnemployed ('000)Unemployment rate (seasonally adjusted) (%)Unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted) (%)Underemployed ('000)Underemployment rate (%)
No. ('000)Percentage change over the same period in preceding year (%)
2013 3 855.1 1.9 131.1 - 3.4 58.3 1.5
2014 3 871.1 0.4 127.6 - 3.3 56.8 1.5
2015 3 903.2 0.8 129.4 - 3.3 53.3 1.4
10/2015 - 12/2015 * 3 903.9 0.2 123.6 3.3 3.2 53.1 1.4
11/2015 - 1/2016 * 3 909.3 0.2 122.1 3.4 3.1 53.3 1.4
12/2015 - 2/2016 * 3 910.5 0.1 122.9 3.4 3.1 50.6 1.3
1/2016 - 3/2016 * 3 914.1 0.2 131.1 3.4 3.3 53.5 1.4
2/2016 - 4/2016 * 3 908.5 0.4 134.5 3.4 3.4 53.3 1.4
3/2016 - 5/2016 * 3 902.5 0.5 134.7 3.4 3.5 56.4 1.4
4/2016 - 6/2016 * 3 911.2 0.5 136.9 3.4 3.5 54.5 1.4
5/2016 - 7/2016 * 3 922.3 0.4 139.1 3.4 3.5 56.1 1.4
6/2016 - 8/2016 * 3 932.6 0.3 141.7 3.4 3.6 56.1 1.4
7/2016 - 9/2016 * 3 925.9 0.5 140.1 3.4 3.6 55.8 1.4
8/2016 - 10/2016 * 3 920.5 0.6 136.4 3.4 3.5 55.8 1.4
9/2016 - 11/2016 * 3 910.7 0.3 131.2 3.4 3.4 55.1 1.4
10/2016 - 12/2016 * 3 914.5 0.3 122.5 3.3 3.1 54.7 1.4
11/2016 - 1/2017 * 3 930.5 0.5 121.1 3.3 3.1 50.1 1.3
12/2016 - 2/2017 # 3 943.8 0.9 119.4 3.3 3.0 48.8 1.2
Notes : *Figures presented in the above table are statistics which involve the use of the population figures in the compilation process. They have been revised to take into account the results of the 2016 Population By-census which provided a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census.
 #Provisional figures
 -Not applicable.
 Starting from 2001, annual figures are compiled based on data collected in the General Household Survey from January to December of the year concerned as well as the mid-year population estimates by District Council district compiled jointly by the Census and Statistics Department and an inter-departmental Working Group on Population Distribution Projections.
 
The labour force refers to the land-based non-institutional population aged 15 and over who satisfy the criteria for being classified as employed population or unemployed population.
 
The employed population comprises those persons aged 15 and over who have been at work for pay or profit during the 7 days before enumeration or have had formal job attachment.
 
The unemployed population comprises all unemployed persons. For a person aged 15 or over to be classified as unemployed, that person should :
(a) not have had a job and should not have performed any work for pay or profit during the 7 days before enumeration; and
(b) have been available for work during the 7 days before enumeration; and
(c) have sought work during the 30 days before enumeration.
 
However, if a person aged 15 or over fulfils the conditions (a) and (b) above but has not sought work during the 30 days before enumeration because he/she believes that work is not available, he/she is still classified as unemployed, being regarded as a so-called "discouraged worker".
 
Notwithstanding the above, the following types of persons are also classified as unemployed:
(a) persons without a job, have sought work but have not been available for work because of temporary sickness; and
(b) persons without a job, have been available for work but have not sought work because they:
      (i) have made arrangements to take up a new job or to start business on a subsequent date; or
      (ii) were expecting to return to their original jobs.
 
Unemployment rate refers to the proportion of unemployed persons in the labour force. "Unemployment rate (seasonally adjusted)" refers to the unemployment rate adjusted for seasonal variations. Starting from May 2008, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate is compiled by the X-12 ARIMA method to replace the previous X-11 ARIMA method. The seasonally adjusted unemployment rates since November 2006 - January 2007 have also been revised using the new method. Figures prior to November 2006 – January 2007 refer to the seasonally adjusted unemployment rates based on the X-11 ARIMA method. Seasonal adjustment is not applicable to annual average unemployment rates.

The underemployed population comprises those employed persons who have involuntarily worked less than 35 hours during the 7 days before enumeration and have sought additional work during the 30 days before enumeration, or have not sought additional work but have been available for additional work during the 7 days before enumeration. Following this definition, employed persons taking no-pay leave due to slack work during the 7 days before enumeration are also classified as underemployed if they worked less than 35 hours or were on leave even for the whole period during the 7-day period.
 The underemployment rate refers to the proportion of underemployed persons in the labour force.
Source : Social Analysis and Research Section (2),
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 2887 5508
 Enquiry e-mail : ghs@censtatd.gov.hk)



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