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YearNo. of R&D personnel (1) (2) (3)
Business sectorHigher education sector (4)Government sectorTotal
(in FTE)% to total (5)(in FTE)% to total (5)(in FTE)% to total (5)(in FTE)% to total (5)
2011 11 065 45 12 790 52 605 2 24 460 100
2012 11 385 45 13 247 52 633 3 25 264 100
2013 11 443 44 14 013 54 588 2 26 045 100
2014 12 146 44 14 584 53 648 2 27 378 100
2015 12 217 43 15 247 54 701 2 28 165 100
Notes : (1)"R&D activities" refer to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis so as to increase the stock of knowledge for devising new or improved products/processes/applications.
 (2)Reference periods of the R&D statistics presented for different sectors are not the same. For the higher education sector, the number of R&D personnel refers to the figure of the respective academic year (i.e. between July of the year and June of the following year). As for the business and the government sectors, the reference period for the number of R&D personnel is basically a calendar year.
 (3)The conceptual counting unit for the number of R&D personnel is full-time equivalent (FTE), which is estimated on the basis of the total number of man-years devoted to R&D activities during the reference year.
 (4)Figures on R&D personnel in the higher education sector cover the number of "research related staff" and full-time "research postgraduate students" in the respective academic year of the University Grants Committee-funded higher education institutions. "Research related staff" refer to staff having devoted 80% or more of their time to research related activities.
 (5)The percentages in a year may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
Source : Science & Technology Statistics Section,
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 3903 7290)



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