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YearNo. of R&D personnel (1) (2) (3)
Business sectorHigher education sector (4)Government sectorTotal
(in FTE)% to total (5)(in FTE)% to total (5)(in FTE)% to total (5)(in FTE)% to total (5)
2011 11 065 45% 12 790 52% 605 2% 24 460 100%
2012 11 385 45% 13 247 52% 633 3% 25 264 100%
2013 11 443 44% 14 013 54% 588 2% 26 045 100%
2014 12 146 44% 14 584 53% 648 2% 27 378 100%
2015 12 217 43% 15 247 54% 701 2% 28 165 100%
Notes : (1)"R&D activities" refer to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis so as to increase the stock of knowledge for devising new or improved products/processes/applications.
 (2)Reference periods of the R&D statistics presented for different sectors are not the same. For the higher education sector, the number of R&D personnel refers to the figure of the respective academic year (i.e. between July of the year and June of the following year). As for the business and the government sectors, the reference period for the number of R&D personnel is basically a calendar year.
 (3)The conceptual counting unit for the number of R&D personnel is full-time equivalent (FTE), which is estimated on the basis of the total number of man-years devoted to R&D activities during the reference year.
 (4)Figures on R&D personnel in the higher education sector cover the number of "research related staff" and full-time "research postgraduate students" in the respective academic year of the University Grants Committee-funded higher education institutions. "Research related staff" refer to staff having devoted 80% or more of their time to research related activities.
 (5)The percentages in a year may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
Source : Science & Technology Statistics Section,
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 3903 7290)



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