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YearR&D expenditure (1) (2)
Business sectorHigher education sectorGovernment sectorTotal
(HK$ Mn)(HK$ Mn)(HK$ Mn)(HK$ Mn)Ratio to GDP (3)
2011 6,193.5 7,154.9 596.2 13,944.6 0.72%
2012 6,647.4 7,576.3 592.5 14,816.2 0.73%
2013 7,017.4 7,984.2 611.6 15,613.3 0.73%
2014 7,437.5 8,631.8 658.0 16,727.3 0.74% @
2015 7,993.7 9,550.8 726.2 18,270.7 0.76% @
Notes : (1)"R&D activities" refer to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis so as to increase the stock of knowledge for devising new or improved products/processes/applications.
 (2)Reference periods of the R&D statistics presented for different sectors are not the same. For the higher education sector, the R&D expenditure refers to the amount spent on R&D activities between July of a year and June of the following year. As for the business and the government sectors, the reference period for R&D expenditure is basically a calendar year.
 (3)The GDP estimates are based on expenditure-based GDP estimates at current prices released in November 2016.
 @Figures are subject to revision later on.
Source : Science & Technology Statistics Section,
Census and Statistics Department
(Enquiry telephone no. : 3903 7290)



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