Navigation menu for this statistical subject
Hong Kong Standard Industrial Classification
Since March 2009, the industry breakdowns of employment statistics are based on the Hong Kong Standard Industrial Classification Version 2.0 (HSIC V2.0), which is modelled on the United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities Revision 4 (ISIC Rev. 4), with adaptation for the industrial structure of the local economy. The series has been backcasted to the reference period of March 2000. Users may refer to the feature article entitled "Revision of the Hong Kong Standard Industrial Classification" published in the November 2008 issue of the Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics for more details on the revision of HSIC.
Persons Engaged and Vacancies
Statistics on the number of establishments, persons engaged and vacancies serve as indicators of short-term changes in the local labour market. It should be noted that figures in the tables concerned are based mainly on the findings of the Quarterly Survey of Employment and Vacancies (SEV) and the Quarterly Employment Survey of Construction Sites (Site Survey), which does not cover some industries for operational difficulties. The relevant surveys mainly do not cover the economic activities in the following industry sections :
Owing to the incomplete survey coverage in respect of some industry sections (namely, industry sections F, G, H, K, M, N and P-S under HSIC V2.0), figures for them and the total figures are not meant to represent the overall situation of these industry sections and the entire labour market respectively. This should be borne in mind when interpreting the respective figures.
For the non-construction industry sections covered by the SEV, the unit of enquiry is an establishment. An establishment is defined as an economic unit which engages, under a single ownership or control, in one or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single physical location, e.g. an individual factory, workshop, retail shop or office. Where separate figures relating to different activities or different locations under the same management are not available, a combined return is accepted. In this case, the reporting unit is treated as an establishment. For the civil service, the unit of enquiry is a government bureau/department. For the Site Survey, the unit of enquiry is a construction site. A construction site is defined as a demarcated locality where one or more stages of construction work are being carried on.
For establishments outside the civil service, persons engaged include :
Civil servants refer to persons who are employed on civil service terms of appointment as at the survey reference date. Independent Commission Against Corruption officers, locally engaged staff working in the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices outside Hong Kong, and other government employees like Non-Civil Service Contract staff are excluded. A minor revision has been made on the statistical definition since the statistical month of June 1999, whereby judges and judicial officers in the Judiciary are excluded from the coverage of civil servants.
Manual workers at construction sites refer to skilled, semi-skilled and general workers working at those sites on the survey reference date. Manual workers are either directly employed by the main contractors, or being called upon by sub-contractors or gangers to work in the construction sites.
Vacancies refer to unfilled job openings which are immediately available, and for which active recruitment steps are being taken on the survey reference date. However, vacancies at construction sites include only those vacancies of manual workers.
For closer conformity with the above concept of vacancies, the definition of civil service vacancies has been revised starting from the statistical month of June 1999, such that civil service vacancies having arisen from posts pending deletion and posts held by temporary staff or reserved for other staff are excluded. Revision of the statistics has been backdated to the statistical month of March 1996.
Since then, the definition of civil service vacancies has been further revised in accordance with the different civil service policies implemented in different periods:
Starting from the March 2003 round, the survey coverage of the Quarterly Employment Survey of Construction Sites has been expanded to include
Starting from March 2009 round of the SEV, the survey coverage has been expanded to include more economic activities in some of the industries due to the change in industrial classification. The industries concerned are in industry section H Transportation, storage, postal and courier services, industry section N Administrative and support services and industry sections P - S Social and personal services.
Glossary of Terms